Functional variance estimation using penalized splines with principal component analysis

01.04.2011

Empirical Capital Market Research

Statistics and Computing, 21, 159-171 (2011)

Keywords

  • Functional data analysis
  • Mixed models
  • Penalized splines
  • Principal components

Authors

Wegener, Dr. Michael Kauermann, G.

Abstract

In many fields of empirical research one is faced with observations arising from a functional process. If so, classical multivariate methods are often not feasible or appropriate to explore the data at hand and functional data analysis prevails. In this paper we present a method for joint modelling of mean and variance in longitudinal data using penalized splines. Unlike previous approaches we model both components simultaneously via rich spline bases. Estimation as well as smoothing parameter selection is carried out using a mixed model framework. The resulting smooth covariance structures are then used to perform principal component analysis. We illustrate our approach by several simulations and an application to financial interest data.

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